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Early pregnancy symptoms
This pregnancy quiz consists of three sections, each with a set of 4 questions that can be answered by yes or no. Each of the section focuses on an aspect of reproductive health and symptomology, as follows:
Section I – Intercourse and menstrual cycle
■ Protected or unprotected intercourse;
■ Last menstrual cycle;
■ Lateness in period;
■ Spotting bleeding
Section II – Physical symptoms
■ Frequent urination;
■ Lower back pain;
■ Breast heaviness;
■ Darkened areolas.
Section III – Appetite and mood changes
■ Appetite changes;
■ Recent weight gain;
■ Mood changes and tiredness.
An expectant woman is to experience, at a greater or lesser degree, a series of early pregnancy symptoms, some specific to pregnancy, others similar to those of pre-menstrual syndrome. Each pregnancy is different, even subsequent ones.
Here is a list of pregnancy symptoms that could signal one is expecting:
■ A delay in the appearance of the period or a light bleeding, called spotting (implantation bleeding) at around the time of the period start.
■ Pain in the lower back area, and abdominal cramping, similar to that occurring before period.
■ Tender, swollen breasts: similar or at a higher intensity than the feeling in the breasts before a period. Consecutively, the areolas will turn darker as the pregnancy continues.
■ Nausea or vomiting: morning sickness is one of the most common pregnancy symptoms, especially in the mornings or triggered by various scents or flavors.
■ Basal body temperature: a constant increased temperature for more than 2 weeks.
■ Fatigue: the increased levels of hormones are an extra effort for the body and they can also cause frequent mood swings or an increased emotional response.
■ Heightened senses: a very sensible sense of smell and taste (food-cravings or food aversions).
■ Sensitivity in the gums and teeth aches.
■ Frequent urination: these unpleasant sensations will probably increase during the pregnancy.
Tips to relieve discomfort caused by pregnancy symptoms
■ Relaxation and rest are mandatory for the expectant mother;
■ You should eat little and more often that before – try to reduce the fats;
■ Stick to foods that are refreshing – to minimize nausea;
■ Eat plenty of vitamin B6-rich foods;
■ Keep hydrated – try infusing your water with a piece of lemon or other fruit you prefer;
■ Wear comfortable, less tight clothes;
■ As pregnancy progresses, change your bra size accordingly;
■ Avoid carrying weights – not only in the gym but also when grocery shopping.
Wylie L. (2005) Essential anatomy and physiology in maternity care 2nd ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.
The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics. (2012) The Johns Hopkins Manual of Gynecology and Obstetrics (4 ed.) Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Specialty: Obstetrics Gynecology
Published On: April 14, 2020 · 12:00 AM
Last Checked: April 14, 2020
Next Review: April 14, 2025